White sugar

White sugar, also known as granulated sugar, is the most common type and widely used in cooking. It is obtained through a refining process that removes impurities and leaves behind white, fine sugar crystals. It is ideal for sweetening beverages and baked goods.

Granulated sugar

Granulated sugar, or table sugar, is a type of white sugar that comes in the form of fine and regular crystals. It dissolves easily and is used in a variety of recipes, from desserts to sauces and dressings.

Refined sugar

Refined sugar undergoes an additional refining process to obtain more uniform and purer crystals. It is known for its smooth texture and ability to dissolve quickly. This type of sugar is highly versatile and used in a wide range of culinary preparations.

Confectioner’s sugar

Confectioner’s sugar, also known as powdered sugar or icing sugar, is refined white sugar that has been ground into a fine and smooth texture. It is primarily used for decorating cakes, cookies, and other desserts as it easily adheres to surfaces.

Brown sugar

Brown sugar is obtained from sugarcane juice and retains some of the natural molasses of the plant. It has a darker colour and a more pronounced flavour compared to white sugar. Within this category, there are different varieties.

Light brown sugar

Light brown sugar has a golden colour and a mild, caramel-like flavour. It is perfect for adding a sweet touch to baked goods such as cookies and bread, and it is also used in glazes and sauces.

Brown sugar

Brown sugar has a deeper colour and a stronger flavour compared to light brown sugar. It is ideal for preparations such as brownies, puddings, and dishes with more intense flavours.

Demerara sugar

Demerara sugar is a type of brown sugar with large, golden crystals. It has a distinctive flavour and is used in hot beverages like coffee and tea to add a touch of sweetness and texture.

Beet sugar

Beet sugar is obtained from the sugar beet plant and has a taste like cane sugar. It is widely used in the food industry and can be found in a variety of products, ranging from processed foods to baked goods.

Corn sugar

Corn sugar, also known as corn syrup, is a type of liquid sugar used in the food industry as a sweetener and thickening agent. It is derived from the processing of corn starch and is used in a variety of products, ranging from canned foods to syrups and desserts.

Liquid sugars

Liquid sugars, such as maple syrup, honey, and agave syrup, are used as natural sweeteners and provide unique flavours to various culinary preparations.


The diverse types of sugar offer a wide range of options for sweetening and flavouring our recipes. From refined white sugar used in beverages and baked goods to brown sugar with its distinctive caramelized flavour, each type of sugar adds its own personality to our culinary creations.

Whether you prefer granulated or liquid sugar, it is important to understand the characteristics of each type of sugar to use it appropriately in our preparations. Experiment and enjoy the sweetness in all its forms!